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Cambodian genocide

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The CGP, 1994-2013

The Cambodian genocide of 1975-1979, in which approximately 1.7 million people lost their lives (21% of the country’s population), was one of the worst human tragedies of the last century. As in the Ottoman Empire during the Armenian genocide, in Nazi Germany, and more recently in East Timor, Guatemala, Yugoslavia, and Rwanda, the Khmer Rouge regime headed by Pol Pot combined extremist ideology with ethnic animosity and a diabolical disregard for human life to produce repression, misery, and murder on a massive scale. On July 18, 2007, Cambodian and international co-prosecutors at the newly established mixed UN/Cambodian tribunal in Phnom Penh found evidence of «crimes against humanity, genocide, grave breaches of the Geneva Convention, homicide, torture and religious persecution.»

Since 1994, the award-winning Cambodian Genocide Program, a project of the Genocide Studies Program at Yale University’s MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies, has been studying these events to learn as much as possible about the tragedy, and to help determine who was responsible for the crimes of the Pol Pot regime. In Phnom Penh in 1996, for instance, we obtained access to the 100,000-page archive of that defunct regime’s security police, the Santebal. This material has been microfilmed by Yale University’s Sterling Library and made available to scholars worldwide. As of January 2008, we have also compiled and published 22,000 biographic and bibliographic records, and over 6,000 photographs, along with documents, translations, maps, and an extensive list of CGP books and research papers on the genocide, as well as the CGP’s newly-enhanced, interactive Cambodian Geographic Database, CGEO, which includes data on: Cambodia’s 13,000 villages; the 115,000 sites targeted in 231,00 U.S. bombing sorties flown over Cambodia in 1965-75, dropping 2.75 million tons of munitions; 158 prisons run by Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge regime during 1975-1979, and 309 mass-grave sites with an estimated total of 19,000 grave pits; and 76 sites of post-1979 memorials to victims of the Khmer Rouge.

To examine these, and other information we have discovered, click on one of the links on the sidebar.

For a more detailed introduction to the CGP, click here.

Yale assistance to Documentation Center of Cambodia, 1995-2005 (DC-Cam).

Books on Cambodia

by Ben Kiernan

Genocide and Resistance in Southeast Asia: Documentation, Denial and Justice in Cambodia and East Timor (Transaction, 2008)
The Pol Pot Regime (2008 edn.)
How Pol Pot Came to Power (2004 edition)
The Pol Pot Regime (2002)
Conflict and Change in Cambodia (2006), edited with an Introduction.
Genocide and Democracy in Cambodia: The Khmer Rouge, the United Nations, and the International Community (ed., 1993)

Other books by
CGP authors

Genocide in Cambodia and Rwanda (2005) edited by
Susan E. Cook
Cambodia (World Bibliographical Series, 1997), by Helen Jarvis
Getting Away With Genocide: Cambodia’s Long Struggle Against the Khmer Rouge, by H. Jarvis and T. Fawthrop (2004)
Children of Cambodia’s Killing Fields: Mem[oirs by Survivors, compiled by Dith Pran, Introduction by B. Kiernan (1998)
Genocide in Cambodia: Documents from the Trial of Pol Pot and Ieng Sary, edited by Howard J. de Nike, Kenneth J. Robinson, John Quigley, Helen Jarvis, and Nereida Cross
Pol Pot Plans the Future: Confidential Leadership Documents From Democratic Kampuchea, 1976-1977, ed. D. P. Chandler, B. Kiernan, and C. Boua.
Revolution and Its Aftermath in Kampuchea: Eight Essays, ed. D. P. Chandler and B. Kiernan


The Khmer Rouge  


Multimedia Timeline: The History of Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge (PBS)


Cambodia’s brutal Khmer Rouge regime




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