Chris Uhlmann (ABC, Australia’s Broadcasting Co.) reported this story on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 08:12:12
CHRIS UHLMANN: For 18 of the last 20 centuries, China was a dominant player on the world stage.
And this century it will rise again, tipped to be the largest economy on earth.
As it grows, so will its military power and its demands to recast the post World War II settlements that govern the world.
So far, its rise has been very good for Australia but there is a potential awkward balancing act as our major trading partner and our strategic ally, the United States, come to terms with a new world order.
Stephen Hadley knows more than most about the way the world works.
He was national security adviser to George W Bush for and is in Australia as the Telstra Fellow at the Lowy Institute.
STEPHEN HADLEY: Good morning.
CHRIS UHLMANN: Stephen Hadley, if history’s any guide, then when the world order changes, it’s usually marked by conflict, isn’t it?
STEPHEN HADLEY: It is. When you have a major emerging power explode on the global scene, as China has, usually those major powers in place, there’s a fair amount of friction.
And the historical example, of course, that everybody uses is the rise of Germany that led to the First World War and was viewed as such a threat to Britain.
And when people talk about a new model of major country relations, referring to the United States and China, it’s really an effort to say, can we avoid the pattern of the past – when a major power’s emerged, it’s resulted in conflict; can we avoid that this time?
CHRIS UHLMANN: And you’re optimistic that we can?