Relaciones Internacionales – Comunicación Internacional

Global peace operations 2018

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French soldiers and United Nations peacekeepers from Burkina Faso patrol in Timbuktu, Mali, November 5, 2014. If the French army and its allies are to keep al Qaeda at bay in the desert of northern Mali they must stop them seizing the biggest prizes in the sea of white sand - the wells. So this month a column of soldiers from France, Burkina Faso and Mali, in armoured vehicles and pick-up trucks, churned toward a village north of Timbuktu where herders water camels and goats. They were looking for signs of infiltration by militants who 5need water as much as the locals do and aim to convert villages to their ideology. Picture taken November 6, 2014. REUTERS/Joe Penney (MALI - Tags: MILITARY CIVIL UNREST) - GM1EABL1S0M01

7 charts that show how peacekeeping is changing 

This article is part of the World Economic Forum’s Geostrategy platform

This year it is 70 years since the United Nations Security Council established the first UN peacekeeping operation.

On 29 May 1948 it authorized the deployment of military observers to supervise a cessation of hostilities in the First Arab–Israeli War and to support Count Folke Bernadotte in his role as UN mediator.

This mission became known as the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO). While the tenure of the first UN mediator was tragically cut short—he was assassinated in Jerusalem in September 1948—UNTSO remains in place today.

The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) recently released new data on deployments and fatalities in multilateral peace operations when it launched the 2018 edition of the SIPRI Yearbook.

UN Photo/Farran

Richard Gowan

Ryan Rappa

The previous year bore witness to a number of deepening trends for peace operations, including budgetary pressures, shifting geopolitical terrain in the Security Council, and the continued support for large missions mainly focused on managing conflict (with little hope for a political solution in sight) despite renewed focus on the “primacy of the political” in UN peace operations. At the same time, a new Secretary-General brought fresh energy to the UN, calling more attention to prevention and sustaining peace, and ushering in reform processes across the UN system, now including the Action for Peacekeeping initiative. This report adds context to reform processes by documenting a number of other developments in peace operations, including operational, strategic, and financial challenges, debates over the values and practices to which peacekeeping should adhere, and progress – or lack thereof – made toward gender parity and geographical diversity among UN leadership.



About the Review


Peace Operations (Map)

Multilateral Peace Operations (June 2018)

SIPRI releases map of multilateral peace operations in 2018

Global and regional trends in multilateral peace operations, 2008–17

Data and trends for multilateral peace operations

Peace operations and conflict management

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