When Mosul fell to Islamic State on June, 10, 2014, it sparked one of the biggest attacks on press freedom in recent times. Newspapers were shuttered, TV channels were ransacked, radio stations disappeared from the airwaves, and dozens of journalists vanished. Within days, the militants had a monopoly on information output.
Two years later, CPJ’s Middle East and North Africa program is still investigating what happened to many of those journalists who disappeared. During an investigative trip to Iraq in late 2015, CPJ found some had escaped and others went into hiding, changing their names and going underground. Others were kidnapped from their offices and homes, their fate to this day is hard to verify.