The attacks of violent extremism are shaking cohesion in culturally diverse societies such as those of Europe, the Maghreb and the Middle East. Diffusing this threat involves, among other measures, tackling the socioeconomic causes (inequality, unemployment, social discrimination due to religion or ethnicity…), bringing to an end the existing conflicts in the region (Syria, Iraq, Libya…) and increasing Euro-Mediterranean cooperation, with the full participation of civil society and local actors in the prevention of and fight against violent extremism.
These are some of the main conclusions and recommendations from the preliminary results of the new Euromed Survey, which has focused on evaluating the impact of violent extremism on the stability and security of the Euro-Mediterranean region as well as identifying the environments and factors leading to radicalisation, and finally assessing the efficacy of the existing policies and strategies for preventing and fighting violent extremism and pointing out what the government and EU priorities should be.
The questionnaire was answered by 746 experts from academia and think tanks as well as actors from the institutional, political and civil society fields from the 43 countries in the Euro-Mediterranean region.
One of the main conclusions drawn from the responses is that terrorist attacks have perverse indirect effects, such as undermining social cohesion and nurturing Islamophobia in European and Southern and Southeast Mediterranean societies.