Relaciones Internacionales – Comunicación Internacional

The Post-2015 Development Agenda: time to learn and connect

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Los Objetivos del Milenio, aprobados por la ONU en el umbral entre el siglo XX y el siglo XXI, incluían la fecha mágica de 2015 como meta para vencer a los nuevos jinetes del Apocalipsis, elevados de cuatro a ocho -con 21 aspiraciones cuantificables- por los representantes de los Estados miembros de Naciones Unidas.

Video de Madre Coraje publicado el 31 de agosto de 2011 con guión, dirección y producción de Jorge LaPlace, que me parece excelente para niños y para mayores.

Son numerosas las organizaciones que han vigilado el grado de cumplimiento de esos compromisos desde el primer día, con resultados bastante decepcionantes. ONU México, entre otros, ha publicado en los primeros once años del recorrido tres balances o reportes que facilitan ese seguimiento.

Los principales medios internacionales, peor o mejor, con más o menos recursos, se han incorporado a la corriente y han incluido en su agenda de trabajo los desafíos recogidos en los Objetivos del Milenio. The Guardian es uno de los más sensibles a estos temas, como se puede ver en su POVERTYMATTERS BLOG.

En dicho blog Kevin Watkins recogía el 28 de enero de 2013 una investigación sobre Mumbai (Bombay), Mumbai monolith epitomises need for post-2015 agenda to tackle inequality, como laboratorio de pruebas para  el próximo decenio:

Go back 15 years, and there were just two dollar billionaires in India. Now there are 46. The $176bn total net worth of the billionaire community has climbed from about 1% of GDP to 12%. That’s enough to eliminate absolute poverty in India twice over, with enough left over to double spending on the country’s shockingly underfinanced public health system. Meanwhile, poverty has been falling at an abysmally slow rate – and child hunger is hardly falling at all.

Rising income inequality is globalisation’s theme tune. As Oxfam highlighted in a report last week (pdf), what is happening in India is part of a wider pattern. Technological progress, market-oriented reforms, and excessively generous tax regimes are driving a wedge between rich and poor, magnified by the opportunities created through trade and finance – and by a parallel failure to finance decent public services for the poor.

Less widely recognised has been the impact of surging inequality on efforts to reach the 2015 millennium development goals. Widening gaps in wealth and opportunity have acted as a brake on poverty reduction and progress in child survival, nutrition and education. Yet inequality remains conspicuous by its absence from the agenda for the post-2015 development goals.

El 23 de enero de 2013, a sólo dos años de la fecha mágica, los actores más responsables debatían ya intensamente los pasos siguientes cuando se alcance sin poder cumplir, ni de lejos, muchos de los sueños convertidos en programas de progreso para la humanidad.

Con el título The Post-2015 Development Agenda: time to learn and connect, Alicia Mitchell publicaba ese día en el portal eLearning Africa,  una actualización bastante completa de lo logrado en el campo de la educación y de las infraestructuras de telecomunicaciones, y de lo mucho que aún falta por conseguir.

En la lucha contra el hambre y la malnutrición, la FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) ha tenido la responsabilidad más importante desde su establecimiento en 1945. Su director general, José Graciano da Silva, ponía al día los esfuerzos de su casa pocos meses antes de la conferencia convocada para junio de 2013 en un artículo distribuido por Project Syndicate: The End of Hunger and Malnutrition:

For the last 12 years, the Millennium Development Goal of halving hunger by 2015 has been the driving force for hunger reduction. The proportion of hungry people in developing countries has declined significantly – from 23.2% in 1990-92 to 14.9% today. However, this decrease owes more to a rise in the world’s population than it does to the slight reduction in the actual number of hungry people (from about 980 million to 852 million today).

A “halving” goal has only slight political appeal, as it implicitly condemns the excluded half to a life on the fringes of society, exposed to illness and premature death. Brazil’s Zero Hunger strategy, by contrast, has shown that adopting the absolute goal of hunger eradication provides a powerful means of galvanizing government departments into large-scale coordinated action, and of mobilizing society in a truly national effort to end one of the greatest injustices of our time.

El 29 de abril de 2013 Dochas (The Irish Association of Non-Governmental Development Organizations)  hacía balance del camino recorrido desde 2000 en su blog The world we Want  y resumía los principales desafíos pendientes en un interesante texto titulado Primer: Processes towards the post-2015 framework con la siguiente introducción.

The world is also looking for a new set of “development” goals. The current framework, the “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs) agreed in 2000, are set to be achieved by 2015 and, already, the UN have launched a series of consultations on what the priorities, and targets, for the new, post-2015, framework should be.

At the same time, Ireland and many ‘developed’ countries are growing more unequal, poverty is deepening, unemployment continues at an unacceptable level. In this increasingly globalised world we need a new model of development that applies to all countries, richer and poorer, because it’s clearer than ever that countries can no longer tackle poverty, social injustice or climate change on their own.

This new ‘post-2015′ framework should apply to Ireland as well as to the world’s developing countries. Consultations have been happening around the world in order for leaders, experts and ordinary people to have their say on what this framework should look like… more

 

With the expiration of the MDGs fast approaching, Think Africa Press asked on March 17, 2013 a panel of seven experts what direction the next set of goals should take to help Africa develop. Malcolm Langford, Carlos Oya, David Sogge, Kate Dooley, Dominic Haslam, Tony German and Ken Bluestone explain what should be in the post-2015 development goals.

On June 17, 2013, IPS distributed in Twitter an interview of Stella Paul with Nobel Amartya Sen on the 2015 Develoment Goals and thte lond road still to go.

Amartya Sen: “We may have to broaden our vision on Millennium Development Goals”

17 June 2013

Philosopher and economist Doctor Amartya Sen is the 1998 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences winner and one of the most celebrated economists of our time. On June 15th Professor Sen was in Rome in the frame of the FAO Biennial Conference to deliver a lecture on “Why is there still so much hunger in the world”? IPSTV and IPS journaslist Stella Paul interviewed him.

Selected quotes:

  • “Millennium Development Goals are only those things that are measurable in a statistical way like enrollment in education, literacy and other very quantifiable measure. But the Millennium Declaration also talked about human rights, democracy and many other features of human life which are not measurable in terms of weights and heights. I wish that the next round should be similarly motivated, similarly concerned, but not confined to only quantitative numbers. So, we may have to broaden our vision.”
  • “I think what you have in mind is the big divide between the upper caste and the lower caste, the rich and the poor. This divide has existed since 1500 BC. So, inequality is a big problem”.
  • “One thing to look at right now is the huge number of undernourished children, huge number of people who don’t get medical care».
  • “If India has to change, that focus has to change first because, being a democracy means you have to bring into the public domain of discussion the lives of everybody”.

Here’s the link to my interview with Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen on . REQUEST – CLICK TWICE ON THE PLAY ICON. http://bit.ly/15cXh5K 

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Is Africa Being Heard on Climate Change Policy?

High-Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda

The Peace-Prosperity Cycle

La agenda después de 2015: el horizonte…

 

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