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The risk of brain drain in Southern Europe

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The number of Greeks and Spaniards moving to other EU countries has doubled since 2007, reaching 39,000 and 72,000 respectively. Germany saw a 73% increase of Greek immigrants between 2011 and 2012, close to 50% for Spanish and Portuguese nationals and 35% for Italians

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

The 2013 International Migration Outlook says that migration into OECD countries rose by 2% in 2011 from the previous year, to reach almost 4 million. Recent national data suggest a similar increase in 2012.

“Governments must do everything they can to improve immigrants’ job prospects,” said OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría, presenting the report in Brussels, with EU Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion László Andor and EU Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malmström. “Tackling high and long-term unemployment now is essential. Continuing to help immigrants integrate will also ensure they can play their part in driving growth as the global economy recovers.”

Migration within the European Union rose by 15%, following a decline of almost 40% during the crisis. The trend of people leaving countries hardest hit by the crisis is accelerating, up by 45% from 2009 to 2011… read more

OCDE (June 13, 2013)

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Southern Europe Faces Risk of Brain Drain

as Skilled Workers Flee Recession

By Giulia Lasagni, on , Briefing  

An increasing number of Southern Europeans are leaving their recession-ridden countries in search of work and opportunities in the North, especially in Germany, raising fears that these countries’ problems will be compounded by a brain drain should their economies not improve.

Between 2009 and 2011, outflows of people from countries most affected by the crisis, in particular in Southern Europe, rose by 45 percent, according to a recent report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

And Germany, with its low rates of overall and youth unemployment—5.3 percent and 7.6 percent, respectively—is a prime destination for this new migration trend. While Eastern Europe still accounts for the largest number of immigrants to Germany, 34,000 Greeks moved there between 2011 and 2012, up more than 70 percent. Meanwhile, flows from Spain and Portugal nearly doubled, and the number immigrating from Italy rose by 35 percent, the OECD said…


Click in the figure for the full report 


Executive summary
Recent developments in international migration movements and policies
Recent labour market trends and integration policies in OECD countries
The fiscal impact of immigration in OECD countries
Discrimination against immigrants – measurement, incidence and policy instruments


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