Mesa redonda: la crisis de Ucrania/Crimea (Madrid, 27 de marzo de 2014). Grabación de la retransmisión en directo de la mesa redonda organizada por el Real Instituto Elcano en el Círculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid. Con la presentación y moderación de Rafael Estrella, vicepresidente del Real Instituto Elcano, y los investigadores principales Félix Arteaga, Gonzalo Escribano e Ignacio Molina. (RIE Elcano)
Àngels Barcelo junto con un equipo de la Cadena SER se ha desplazado hasta Kiev para contarnos los enfrentamientos entre opositores y policía.
- Así ha transcurrido el segundo día
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- Escucha el programa completo. Día 1
Recession and Repression Fuel Anger
– As Ukraine’s capital experiences the worst violence in its post-Soviet history, some protestors are warning that the festering discontent with the regime which led to the current crisis is unlikely to disappear overnight even if a solution to the current impasse is found.
When the anti-government protests began in November they were ostensibly a mass reaction to the decision by President Viktor Yanukovych to turn his back on the first stage of EU accession.“People having had enough of Yanukovych, the corruption and the economic situation have all aroused the anger that has brought people onto the streets.» — Masha Kostishyn, an unemployed economist
But they soon became as much an expression of distaste and frustration with the ruling regime as any single political decision.
“This all started with the abrupt decision not to sign the agreement with the EU, but there was more to it than that. Everyone was completely fed up with Yanukovych’s regime,” Valerii Drotenko, a 45-year-old protestor told IPS.
Since coming to power in 2010, civil liberties have been eroded, political opponents have faced severe repression, and the independence and integrity of law enforcement agencies has all but disappeared, local and international rights groups say.
At the same time the perception of massive corruption, cronyism and nepotism within the regime has grown among the general population. Critics have pointed to Yanukovych concentrating political power in his own office and at the same time building his own family into a wealthy and socially dominant force… MORE
The Foreign Policy Initiative (FPI) is closely monitoring the events in Ukraine, and believes that the following resources will be helpful as policymakers and lawmakers craft their response.
- [Video] – Crisis in Ukraine – FPI Board Member William Kristol – ABC News – February 23, 2014
- Ukraine: the Day After – Jeffrey Gedmin – The Weekly Standard – February 28, 2014
- Crimean War Games – Editorial – Wall Street Journal (subscription required) – February 27, 2014
- Q&A: Russian Military Mobilization and the Violent Action in the Crimea – Ariel Cohen – The Heritage Foundation – February 27, 2014
- Putin’s Ukraine Gambit – Charles Krauthammer – Washington Post – February 27, 2014
- The Pressure is on Ukraine – Anne Applebaum – Washington Post – February 27, 2014
- Ukraine Drama Brings Out Leading Actors’ True Colors – Daniel Twining – Foreign Policy – February 27, 2014
- [Video] – Ukraine’s Revolution: Towards Russia or the West? – Leon Aron – American Enterprise Institute – February 26, 2014
- Ukraine Needs Support of Western Democracies – Anna Borshchevskaya – The Hill – February 26, 2014
- Ukraine Can Now Fix Its Economy – If It Moves Fast – Anders Aslund – Financial Times – February 25, 2014
- A Plan for Reform in Kyiv – Adrian Karatnycky and Kalman Mizsei – Wall Street Journal Europe – February 25, 2014
- [Video] – Reason for Kiev Clashes: Panel on Ukraine’s Dire Economy – FPI Researcher Hannah Thoburn – FoxNews.com – February 20, 2014
- [Video] – What’s Really Behind the Protests in Ukraine – FPI Researcher Hannah Thoburn – Fusion – January 31, 2014
- Q&A: What Exactly is Happening in Ukraine? – FPI Researcher Hannah Thoburn – Hot Air – January 31, 2014
- Yanukovych Is Courting Disaster in Ukraine – FPI Researcher Hannah Thoburn – The American Interest – January 19. 2014
- Ukraine and America – Editorial – Wall Street Journal (subscription required) – February 19, 2013
- Pull Out of Sochi to Protest the Kiev Massacre – Bernard-Henri Levy – Wall Street Journal (subscription required) – February 19, 2014
- The World Cannot Afford to Be Distracted as Ukrainians Are Brutalized by Their Own Government – Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) – The Heritage Foundation– February 19, 2014
- The Shark May Choke on the Whale – Leon Aron – American Enterprise Institute – February 19, 2014
- The U.S. Must Lead on Ukraine – Anna Borshchevskaya – National Review Online – February 19, 2014
- Yanukovich’s Brutal Crackdown in Ukraine: Why the U.S. Should Act – Ariel Cohen – The Heritage Foundation – February 19, 2014
- Violence in Ukraine Shows Need for Negotiated Settlement – Editorial – Washington Post – February 18, 2014
- Czar Vladimir’s Illusions – Mikheil Saakashvili – The International New York Times – February 12, 2014
Gosh I’m glad I was right. History in the making at Ukraine’s parliament tonight. Thx @andersostlund for a brief
WORLD NEWS 20 Feb 2014
New Eastern Europe. Poland. 20 Feb 2014.
United States. Statement. 20 Feb 2014.
Alexander J. Motyl
Top news: Gunfire rang out in central Kiev on Thursday, bringing the death toll since Tuesday to more than 50 and ending a fragile truce declared yesterday by President Viktor Yanukovich. The details of how the fighting started remain hazy, but riot policemen were shown on television firing automatic rifles at anti-government protesters. A Reuters photographer later reported seeing the bodies of 21 civilians in Independence Square. According to a medical worker at the scene, many of the demonstrators died instantly. «They were shot directly to their hearts, their brain and to their neck,» she told CNN.
In a statement issued by the president’s office, Yanukovich blamed demonstrators for reigniting the violence: «The opposition used the negotiation period to buy time, to mobilize and get weapons to protesters.»
Yesterday’s brief truce came after the United States announced visa bans for 20 members of the Ukrainian government and threatened further sanctions. «All of us are deeply disturbed,» said U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry. «We are talking about the possibility of sanctions or other steps with our friends in Europe and elsewhere in order to try to create the environment for compromise.»
Ukraine, that crackdown is going to cost you. FP’s Jamila Trindle: «After weeks of disagreement between American and European leaders over how to respond to escalating violence in Ukraine, the mounting bloodshed and chaos in the streets of Kiev seems to have finally brought about a hard-won consensus. United States and European Union officials made clear Wednesday that they would be prepared to move ahead with targeted sanctions against the government of embattled Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych if his security forces continued using live ammunition against the protesters clogging the streets of most of the country’s major cities. Yanukovych called for a ‘truce’ Wednesday and promised to negotiate with opposition leaders, but it’s not clear if, or when, the talks will lead to a deal.» More here. \
Kiev in Flames: An FP Slideshow, here.
Top news: The stand-off in Ukraine’s capital of Kiev lurched toward intensified violence overnight as police waged a pitched battle against protesters, who have once more lit barricades on fire in an effort to keep police out of the square that has served as the protest movement’s home base. But that has failed to prevent an uptick in casualties: At least 25 people have been killed in the latest round of clashes, nine of them police. An additional 241 have been injured.
«The opposition leaders have disregarded the principle of democracy according to which one obtains power not on the streets or maidans — but through elections,» Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych said in a statement Wednesday, referring to the Kiev square held by protesters, which is better known as the Maidan. «They have crossed the line by calling for people to take up arms,» he added.
The crackdown in Kiev has drawn a critical international response. European Union foreign ministers will meet on Thursday and are expected to put in place sanctions on those responsible for the «repression» in Kiev. U.S. Vice President Joe Biden called Yanukovych to express his «grave concern» over the protest crackdown and «made clear that the United States condemns violence by any side, but that the government bears special responsibility to de-escalate the situation,» according to a White House statement.
Russia, however, stood by her embattled ally. «In the president’s view, all responsibility for what is happening in Ukraine rests with the extremists,» Dmitri S. Peskov, a spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin, told reporters.
Live streams from Maidan – the main square were Ukrainians have been protesting since November 2013 – showed capital city Kyiv ablaze on the evening of February 18, 2014. Fierce clashes between police and protesters around the main square continued through the night. On February 19, the Kyiv Post reported that at least 25 people are dead and more than 1,000 are injured.
Protests in Ukraine escalated to a deadly stand-off between hundreds of thousands of citizens and government forces on February 18. Roads to the city were blocked by authorities, and the metro in Kyiv was stopped. The main opposition TV channel reported being taken off air… MORE
Viktor Yanukovich says deal reached to end Ukraine’s crisis
By Neil Buckley and Roman Olearchkyk in Jiev and Peter Spiegel in Brussels
Ukraine’s embattled president Viktor Yanukovich claimed on Friday to have reached a compromise deal to end the country’s violent political crisis – but EU ministers immediately raised questions and it was unclear that anti-government protesters would accept it.The announcement followed a massacre in Kiev on Thursday in which as many as 70 Ukrainians were killed as unidentified snipers fired on protesters in the capital’scentral square.
The bloodbath brought mounting international pressure on Mr Yanukovich to end the crisis, and he held talks late into the night with a trio of EU foreign ministers from Poland, Germany and France, as well as a representative from Moscow.
Pressure was also intensifying on the country’s teetering economy as Standard & Poor’s, the rating agency, warned bluntly on Friday that Ukraine “will default” without significant improvements in the country’s political situation “which we do not anticipate”. S&P lowered its rating for Ukraine by one notch to CCC, with a negative outlook… MORE
On this Story and Topic in The Financial Times
- Ukraine urged to pull back from brink
- Russia rattles sabre over fate of Crimea
- Truce shattered as dozens killed in Kiev
- EU imposes targeted sanctions on Ukraine
- Franklin’s Ukraine bond bet in the red
- Slideshow Ukraine truce breaks down
- Ukraine violence intensifies
Media Shock and Despair over Ukraine Assault
BBC News / Feb 19, 2014
Ustream Launches Nonprofit Program to Support Citizen Journalism in Ukraine and Beyond
Janko Roettgers / Gigaom / Feb 19, 2014
THE WASHINGTON POST: The 16 essential Twitter accounts to follow Ukraine’s unfolding crisis http://wapo.st/1felxgB
Media in Ukraine: A Domain of the State, the Oligarchs, or the Public?
By Matthew Ingram
AP reporter’s first-person account of «the bloodiest day in Ukraine’s post-Soviet history» http://huff.to/1bqFtxo
Fears grow over threat of Ukraine military… http://drudge.tw/1gO05Q7
KIEV, Ukraine (AP) — I heard a strange clanking sound this morning in my hotel room overlooking the Ukrainian capital’s main square. I carefully opened the balcony door and looked down. A bullet from…