Relaciones Internacionales – Comunicación Internacional

20 octubre, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

Media polarization «à la française» ? Comparing the French and American ecosystems

En France, la démocratie représentative fait l’objet d’une défiance croissante qui touche également les médias. Ces derniers font simultanément face à des défis majeurs : 

  • bouleversement de leur modèle économique à l’heure du numérique ; 
  • dépendance à l’égard des réseaux sociaux et des moteurs de recherche pour gagner en visibilité ; 
  • adaptation nécessaire à la convergence des contenus sur les supports numériques (mise en concurrence du texte, de la vidéo et de l’audio sur Internet) ;
  • concurrence d’acteurs capables d’exercer leur influence indépendamment des médias (hommes politiques, blogueurs, humoristes, etc.). 

Aux Etats-Unis, ces évolutions ont abouti à la polarisation rapide de l’espace public, caractérisée par la radicalisation de la presse conservatrice, avec des effets non négligeables sur les processus électoraux. 

L’Institut Montaigne a cherché à savoir si un phénomène similaire était à l’œuvre en France. Pour ce faire, une enquête approfondie a été réalisée, en partenariat avec le Médialab et l’Ecole de journalisme de Sciences Po ainsi que le Center for Civic Media du MIT, et en s’appuyant sur les données collectées et analysées par le Pew Research Center*, dans leur rapport News Media Attitudes in France.

…MORE

 

20 octubre, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

The 50 Wealthiest Countries in the World

Richest Countries in the World, Ranked

Wealth is measured in many ways. Some see it purely as the money you have, while others may look at net worth or your overall quality of life. The same goes when measuring the wealth of countries. Some countries, like Indonesia or China, may dominate the world in gross domestic product but have unlivable wages and poor living conditions for most. 

To help wade through all the numbers and find the 50 wealthiest countries in the world, we combined three metrics of wealth to see what countries deliver the best overall balance of gross domestic product (GDP), average income and Social Progress Index (SPI). Here’s our methodology.  

Keep reading to see what countries landed on our 50 wealthiest countries list.

 

19 octubre, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

15 years of terrorism (2001-2015)

VOX

By 

There are a few interesting takeaways from the video:

  • Iraq doesn’t show up on the map until after the US invasion in 2003. In other words, there were zero terrorist attacks that killed more than 21 people inside Iraq between January 1, 2001, and March 2003.
  • The overwhelming majority of terrorist attacks happen in places with active wars and insurgencies, rather than in relatively stable countries. Things like the Paris attacks and 9/11 are just really, really rare.
  • Relatedly, terrorist attacks in a country tend to ebb and flow in connection with local militant groups’ fortunes in war. After the LTTE/Tamil Tigers’ defeat in 2011, terrorist attacks in Sri Lanka ceased completely. Likewise, Iraq and Nigeria both got more deadly after ISIS and Boko Haram (respectively) grew in strength in recent years.
  • The text at the end — claiming that terrorism never works — is heavily disputed. Some academic studies do find that terrorism is an ineffective tactic for insurgent groups looking to overthrew governments (see, for instance, Max Abrahms‘s research); others suggest that terrorism can actually help militant groups accomplish important goals.

Those are just a few quick thoughts. There’s a lot more interesting stuff in the video — it’s definitely worth watching.

…MORE

 

19 octubre, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

Reporting on Turkey and the Syrian war

al jazeera

On The Listening Post this week: The quagmire in Syria gets worse and the reporting gets much more confusing and difficult. Plus the long history of blackface in the Arab world. 

Turkey, Syria and the war that just gets tougher to report

Ceasefire or no ceasefire, Turkey‘s decision to alter the military equation in Syria is a geopolitical game-changer.

The talk in the western media has been of Americans double-crossing the Kurds, of possible ethnic cleansing, even a looming genocide. The narrative the Erdogan government in Ankara has tried to get out there – that Kurdish forces on its southern frontier pose a mortal threat – has been lost on the western commentariat. 

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan‘s message is far better received at home, thanks to domestic media outlets that learned long ago that they criticise this government at their peril. Continuar leyendo →

19 octubre, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

Gaza, Sinai and the Wall (AJE)

From 1948 to 1967, residents of Egyptian Sinai and neighbouring Gaza considered the area as a single territory. But in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, Israel captured Sinai and the Gaza Strip. Twelve years later, Israel and Egypt signed a peace treaty which returned control of Sinai to Egypt; but the Israeli occupation of Gaza continued. In 1982, a wall was built to separate the two territories – a wall which still stands today. «They started building the wall at midday,» says Alaa Attiya Issa, recalling that day in April 1982. «I was at my uncle’s house on the Palestinian side of Rafah. At 11:15am my uncle said ‘They’ll close the border at midday. You’d better go home now so you don’t get stuck’. I said goodbye and cried.»

…MORE