Relaciones Internacionales – Comunicación Internacional

26 abril, 2015
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

Saigon has fallen: Peter Arnett remembers

(EDITOR’S NOTE — More than two decades of war in Vietnam, first involving the French and then the Americans, ended with the last days of April 1975. Peter Arnett, who won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of combat for The Associated Press and later gained fame as a CNN correspondent, has written a new memoir, “Saigon Has Fallen,” about his dozen-plus years reporting on Vietnam. Arnett has recounted this period before but approaches it with a fresh perspective for the 40th anniversary of the war’s end. The book is published by RosettaBooks in partnership with The Associated Press (www.ap.org/books). This is an edited excerpt, focused on the war’s final throes.)

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Artillery explosions sound a fearsome 4 a.m. wake-up call, but I’m already awake. The attackers waiting at the gates of a vanquished Saigon have been warning they would act, and now with each thump of the Soviet-made 130mm guns, sound waves rustle the curtains of my open seventh floor hotel window. As I reach for my water glass, it trembles, and me with it. The last full day of the Vietnam War is beginning.

Street lights shine below as I look out toward Tan Son Nhut airport, once described as the busiest in the world when America was waging war here. Now it is burning from one end to the other, the flames brilliantly lighting up the sky.

There will be two more hours of darkness, but this seems like a new dawn rising, an appropriate description, I think later, of the intentions of those wreaking havoc on the airport this morning, April 29, 1975. The commanders of North Vietnam’s military juggernaut, pressing for victory after a 50-day rout of their South Vietnamese opponents, are pushing open the gates of the capital. They will force a new dawn on South Vietnam, America’s once favored ally, as it loses its 20-year struggle to remain an independent, pro-western state.

After watching the destruction of the airport, I phone the Associated Press office a few blocks away, and my colleague Ed White answers. He and George Esper, the bureau chief, have been up all night working the telex communications link with our New York headquarters.

White tells me the American embassy confirms major damage at the airport with the runways probably unusable. American planners have been intending to airlift out of the country several thousand more vulnerable Vietnamese allies today, but what can they do now?

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EDITOR’S NOTE _ More than two decades of war in Vietnam, first involving the French and then the Americans, ended with the last days of April 1975. Peter Arnett, who won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of combat for The Associated Press and later gained fame as a CNN correspondent, has written a new memoir, “Saigon Has Fallen,” about his dozen-plus years reporting on Vietnam. Arnett has recounted this period before but approaches it with a fresh perspective for the 40th anniversary of the war’s end. The book is published by RosettaBooks in partnership with The Associated Press (www.ap.org/books). This is an edited excerpt, focused on the war’s final throes.

PBS Peter Arnett’s Profile

 

25 abril, 2015
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

Juan Goytisolo en claroscuros

El periodista, por Javier Valenzuela v @infoLibre

El intelectual tuerto, por Pedro Cuartango v @elmundoes

Un Premio Cervantes indignado v @elcultural

El Premio Cervantes pronunció el 23 de abril uno de los discursos más reivindicativos que se recuerdan en la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares y terminó con una referencia al partido de Pablo Iglesias: “Digamos bien alto que podemos”.
- No me gustó el discurso, por Fernando Aramburu
- Lee aquí el discurso íntegro de Goytisolo
- Goytisolo. Señas de identidad

 

25 abril, 2015
por Felipe Sahagún
0 Comentarios

The book that changed campaigns forever

Tedd White

By Scott Porch

Before Richard Ben Cramer and What It Takes, before John Heilemann and Mark Halperin and Game Change, before Joe McGinnis and The Selling of the President 1968 and even before Hunter S. Thompson and Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail, there was Teddy White and The Making of the President 1960. This one seminal book launched a hundred imitators and reshaped American politics, transforming the modern narrative of our campaigns from simple day-to-day stories filed by newspaper reporters and wire-service hacks to grand, sweeping historical dramas filled with heroes and villains, failures and foibles, triumphs and defeats. It won the Pulitzer Prize—a rarity for any book on electoral politics—and has sold an incredible 4 million-plus copies.

The conventional wisdom of 1960 held that a candidate’s campaign began when he announced he was running and that reporters should follow him from stop to stop, dutifully recording all that was said and how the crowds responded. Instead, White covered campaigns with a novelist’s eye, writing about what candidates ate and drank (“his first drink of the day, a Daiquiri”), the smell in the rooms they occupied (“The hall stank of sweat and stale tobacco”), even the amount of shine on their footwear (“of his two shoes, one was glossily polished as usual—the other scuffed and dirty”). He covered the inside-campaign dynamics: the strategy meetings, the internal polling, the publicity and marketing efforts. He recorded body language, the weather, the shifting moods of the candidates—and also of their aides, wives and families. He added sociological insight: Hyannis Port was not just the location of the Kennedy family compound but a place “molded in the best and simplest of the old New England manner, its homes less ostentatious and snugger in style than the summer homes of the Long Island Hamptons.” The Kennedys, White noted, had been “the first of the Irish to invade its quiet.”

“I read parts of it every four years,” says Dan Balz, a longtime political reporter for the Washington Post who wrote books about the 2008 and 2012 campaigns. “I constantly go back to it—both to remind myself of the ambition of that book and also because it’s just a pleasure to read.” After The Making of the President 1960, news editors would routinely warn their reporters not to get beaten by White in a book appearing months after the election was over. It was the book that, to a large extent, created the drive for the “scooplet,” the attention to the small scene details that has transformed workaday trail reporting into dramatic narrative writing.

While he was writing The Making of the President 1960, however, White wasn’t sure anyone would want to read a book about a long-finished campaign—and much of it about the guy who lost. A genre that is so much in demand today, one that often makes the New York Times best-seller lists and spawns HBO movies starring Julianne Moore and Ed Harris, seemed far from a sure thing. And White didn’t seem like a journalist ready to transform presidential politics. He had spent his early professional life reporting in China during World War II and in Europe chronicling the Marshall Plan. Then he had taken up writing fiction.

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THE MEDIA ISSUE

‘I Want to Be With the Circus’: 50 years of photographing the campaign trail. By David Hume Kennerl.
Bush v. Press: Jeb has always aimed to win and doesn’t like anyone getting in his way—especially the media. By S.V. Dáte
Covering Obama: The White House press corps dishes on what it’s really like to cover the president. (SURVEY).
Dateline: 1600 Penn. On the record with White House reporters. Image by Jan Halaska/Getty Images.
Why Do Politicians Hate the Press? Newt Gingrich, Howard Dean and other pols have some thoughts on the political media.
‘Can You Think About Rising?’ Four top journalists on the challenges of editing while female.
Unsolicited Advice for Hillary Clinton: How to win over the press in 14 easy steps. By Jack Shafer
Rand Paul’s Internet Army. Welcome to the front lines of the battle for your Facebook newsfeed. By Tom Bartlett.