Relaciones Internacionales – Comunicación Internacional

22 marzo, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
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Water, peace and war in the Middle East

The Independent

Climate change and crumbling infrastructure are causing water shortages in Gaza, which could soon make the enclave uninhabitable, Bel Trew reports in the fifth part of her series, Water Wars

She had no idea that a quick trip to the beach, brief respite from the intensity of the Gaza summer, would end at the morgue.

Her children, irritated by the thickening heat, had been playing up all day and Noha Sais, 27, a mother-of-five, had lost her patience. Continuar leyendo →

22 marzo, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
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The changing nature of warfare: internet mercenaries and authoritarian goverments

The New York Times

March 21, 2019

By Mark MazzettiAdam GoldmanRonen Bergman and Nicole Perlroth

Sophisticated surveillance, once the domain of world powers, is increasingly available on the private market. Smaller countries are seizing on the tools — sometimes for darker purposes.

The man in charge of Saudi Arabia’s ruthless campaign to stifle dissent went searching for ways to spy on people he saw as threats to the kingdom. He knew where to go: a secretive Israeli company offering technology developed by former intelligence operatives. Continuar leyendo →

20 marzo, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
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World Happiness Report 2019

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This Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness that ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be. This year’s World Happiness Report focuses on happiness and the community: how happiness has evolved over the past dozen years, with a focus on the technologies, social norms, conflicts and government policies that have driven those changes.

World Happiness Report 2019 v

Purely coincidence : just completed The Growth Delusion & today World Happiness Report 2019 is released

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cosme ojeda@OjedaCosme
La paradoja de Easterlin: el crecimiento económico no garantiza el aumento de la felicidad [PIB per cápita v. indicadores de felicidad] https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2019/03/21/economic-growth-does-not-guarantee-rising-happiness  vía @TheEconomist  

20 marzo, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
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EU code of practice against disinformation (note of progress)

European Commission logo

Brussels, 20 March 2019

Today the European Commission published the latest monthly reports from Google, Twitter, and Facebook, on the progress made in February towards meeting their commitments to fight disinformation. The online platforms are all signatories of the Code of Practice against disinformation and have committed to report their progress in the run up to the European Parliament elections in May 2019. The publication of the monthly reports follows a meeting yesterday afternoon between the Commission and the platforms to discuss the state of play.

Vice-President for the Digital Single Market Andrus Ansip, Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality Věra Jourová, Commissioner for the Security Union Julian King, and Commissioner for the Digital Economy and Society Mariya Gabriel saidina joint statement:

Yesterday’s meeting and the reports published today show that online platforms are making progress. We had good discussions with them about how they can further improve the ongoing monthly reporting requested in the Action Plan against Disinformation. Such monthly progress is needed to ensure the transparency during the election campaign.

We take note of the progress described in the February reports in a number of areas. The platforms have all confirmed that their tools for assessing the transparency of political ads will be operational in advance of the European elections in May.

This is a substantial achievement, especially in such a short time-frame, which will enhance the transparency of online paid political advertisements and ensure that voters will be reliably informed throughout the election period and beyond. We also welcome the fact that all three platforms are taking election integrity initiatives that go beyond the specific commitments set out in the Code of Practice.

However, further efforts are needed by all signatories in key areas. More systematic information is needed for the Commission to assess the efforts deployed by the online platforms to scrutinise the placement of ads and to better understand the effectiveness of the actions taken against bots and fake accounts.

We encourage online platforms to work with researchers and fact-checkers on access to live information on public pages, streams and other services, as well as on data on inauthentic accounts they have identified and removed. Such access could help to obtain a comprehensive and independent picture of disinformation patterns and trends, and should be done in full respect of the General Data Protection Regulation. Finally, we need to make sure that the tools being developed by online platforms are available in all 28 EU Member States, not only in certain Member States.” 

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19 marzo, 2019
por Felipe Sahagún
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The State of War

he world is less violent today than at virtually any other time in human history. Hard as it is to believe, deaths from armed conflicts between states have declined dramatically since the 1950s. And although civil-war deaths have ticked up in recent years, they have still fallen dramatically since the end of the Cold War. After increasing over the past decade, even terrorist-related killings have started to fall. Homicides, too, are on the decline in most parts of the world.

All this is cause for celebration, but it is not the whole story. Although the world has done a good job at reducing certain forms of violence, others are on the rise, particularly state violence against citizens and criminal violence from mafias, drug cartels, and gangs. Complicating matters, state and criminal killings are often intertwined. Politicians, police, and other officials may be in cahoots with criminal bosses, which makes their crimes harder to uncover and address.

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